Astronomy Picture of the Day



Galaxy NGC 474: Cosmic Blender

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#103725 by @ 09.10.2007 00:00 - nach oben -
Galaxy NGC 474: Cosmic Blender


Explanation:
What's happening to galaxy NGC 474?

The multiple layers of emission appear strangely complex and unexpected given the relatively featureless appearance of the elliptical galaxy in less deep images.

The cause of the shells is currently unknown, but possibly
tidal tails related to debris left over from absorbing
numerous small galaxies in the past billion years.

Alternatively the shells may be like ripples in a pond,
where the ongoing collision with the spiral galaxy to the right of
NGC 474
is causing density
waves
to
ripple though the galactic giant.

Regardless of the actual cause, the
above image dramatically highlights the increasing consensus that the
outer halos of most
large galaxies are not really smooth
but have complexities induced by frequent interactions with -- and accretions of --
smaller nearby galaxies.

The halo of our own
Milky Way Galaxy
is one example of such
unexpected complexity.

NGC 474 spans about 250,000
light years
and lies about 100 million light years distant toward the constellation of the Fish
Pisces.




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